March 30, 1981- The newly elected president, Ronald Regan, was shot in the chest as he was walking to his limousine, just after giving a speech at a hotel.
March 31, 1968- Resulting from the Vietnam conflict, President Lydon Johnson announced that he would not seek re-election.
April 1st- April fools day!!
April 2, 1792- Congress established the first U.S. Mint at Pennsylvania.
April 3, 1865- After the withdrawal of General Robert E. Lee's troops, the Confederates surrendered their capital, Richmond, to the Union.
April 4, 1949- Twelve countries signed the treaty to create NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
April 5, 1986- In West Berlin, a popular discotheque, which American military personal frequented, was destroyed in a bomb explosion, killing two American soldiers and a Turkish women.
March 23, 1775- Patrick Henry helps spark the American Revolution with a speech he made at the Virginian Conference in Richmond, stating the famous quote "...give me liberty, or give me death".
March 24, 1934- President Franklin D. Roosevelt grants the Philippine Islands independence after 50 years of American control.
March 25, 1807- After a long campaign against the slave trade by the Quakers and others, the British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.
March 26, 1992- Soviet Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Russia after 313 days in the Mic Space Station. Within his time in Space The USSR collapsed to become the Commonwealth of the Independent States.
March 27, 1977- Two Boeing 747 jets collided on the ground at the Canary Islands, causing 570 deaths.
March 28, 1979- The Three Mile Island nuclear power accident, which caused radioactive steam to be released into the atmosphere, occurred near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
March 29, 1979- The House Select Committee on Assassinations, in the U.S. Congress, released the final reports of the deaths of John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., and Robert Kennedy.
March 16, 1968- During the Vietnam War, American soldiers from the Charlie Company murdered 504 Vietnam men, women, and children, which became known as the My Lai Massacre.
March 17, 1776- Early in the Revolutionary War, the patriots enact a successful siege of Boston forcing the British to evacuate the city.
March 18, 1837- In Caldwell, New Jersey, Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th president of the US, was born. Later he became the only president to serve in to nonconsecutive terms and get married in the White House.
March 19, 1589- William Bradford was born in Yorkshire, England and sailed aboard the Mayflower from Plymouth, England to Cape Cod (where it landed despite being originally bound for Virginia). Those from the Mayflower formed the Plymouth Colony and William Bradford became the governor for 30 years.
March 20, 1904- American psychologist, B.F. Skinner, later to pioneer theories of behaviorism and to create the Skinner box, was born in Susquehanna , Pennsylvania.
March 21, 1943- German Army officers failed at an assassination attempt against Hitler, as they failed to locate a short fuse bomb that was going to be carried by General Von Gersdorff to a ceremony Hitler was attending.
March 22, 1972- The U.S. Senate passed the Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
March 9, 1934- The first human to enter space, Yuri Gagarin, was born in Gzhatsk, Russia.
March 10, 1862- The US paper money was created starting with the $5, $10, and $20 bills.
March 11, 1941- The Lend-Lease program in WWII started, allowing America to give Britain weapons, training, machines, and raw material.
March 12, 1938- The Nazis invade Austria and absorbed it to create Hitler's Reich.
March 13, 1733- Joseph Priestly, a scientist and clergyman, was born in Yorkshire, England. He discovered oxygen and advanced the religious theory of Unitarianism.
March 14, 1833- Lucy Hobbs, the first female dentist, was born in New York state.
March 15, 44 B.C. - Julius Caesar was assassinated in the Senate Chamber of Rome by Brutus the Younger and fellow conspirators.
March 2, 1793- Same Huston, American soldier and politician, was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia.
March 3, 1913- In Washington D.C. a women's suffrage was attacked by angry onlookers while police stood by.
March 4, 1681- King Charles II of England gave a huge selection of land to William Penn, which became later known as Pennsylvania.
March 5, 1946- The "Iron Curtain" speech by Winston Churchill was given at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri.
March 6, 1836- Fort Alamo fell to Mexican troops lead by General Santa Anna.
March 7, 1707- Stephen Hopkins, a colonial governor, was born in Providence, Rhode Island.
March 8, 2013- North Korea terminates all peace agreements with South Korea
February 23, 1868- African American leader and educator W.E.B. Du Bois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
February 24, 1582- Pope Gregory XIII fixed a mistake on the Julian calender by taking away 10 days so that after October 4th came October 15th.
February 25, 1945- During WWII, Turkey declares war on Germany.
February 26, 1994- Political foes of the Russian President Boris Yeltsin were freed by the new Russian Parliament.
February 27, 1950- The 22 Amendment to the Constitution was ratified that stated the President was limited to 2 terms and 10 years in office.
February 28, 1986- Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was assassinated in Stockholm after leaving a movie theater.
February 16, 1935- Politician and Entertainer, Sonny Bono, was born in Detroit, Michigan.
February 17, 1865- Fort Sumter in South Carolina was finally returned to the Union after about a year and a half under Confederate control.
February 18, 1901- Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.
February 19, 1473- Considered the founder of modern astronomy, Nicholas Copernicus, was born in Torun, Poland and later in life theorized that the sun was the center of the universe.
February 20, 1962- In the Space Race between America and the Soviets, John Glenn became the first American astronaut launched into orbit.
February 21, 1994- The CIA agent Aldrich Ames was arrested for spying for the Soviet Union between 1985 and 1991.
February 22, 1732- In Westmoreland County, Virgina George Washington, America's first president , is born.
February 9, 1943- During World War II in the Pacific, the U.S. troops take Guadalcanal in Solomon Islands after six months of battle, with 9 thousand Japanese and 2 thousand Americans killed.
February 10, 1942- The first Medal of Honor is given during WWII to the deceased 2nd Lt. Alexander Nininger for heroism in the Battle of Bataan.
February 11, 1929- The Italian Dictator, Benito Mussolini, grated independence to Vatican City and recognized the sovereighty of the Pope.
February 12, 1809- Abraham Lincoln is born in Hardin County, Kentucky.
February 13, 1635- Boston Latin School, becomes the first tax-payed public school in America in Boston, Massachusetts.
February 14, 1849- Photographer Matthew Brady takes the first picture of a U.S. President in office, James Polk.
February 15, 1898- The U.S. Battleship Maine is blown up in Havana killing 260 people.
February 2, 1990- A 30-year-old band on the African National Congress in South Africa was lifted by President F.W. de Klerk, who also promised to free Nelson Mandela.
February 3, 1913- The 16th Amendment was ratified, allowing Congress the ability to collect income taxes.
February 4, 1902- Charles Lindbergh, who was the first person to fly from New York to Paris, was born.
February 5, 1917- Mexico adopts a new constitution that allows for sweeping social changes.
February 6, 1952- King George VI of England dies making his daughter Princess Elizabeth to Queen Elizabeth II.
February 7, 1812- Charles Dickens, a british novelist, was born in Portsmouth, England.
February 8, 1910- The Boy Scouts of America was founded by William Boyce in Washington, D.C.
January 26, 1943- Nazis began using Hitler Youths to operate anti-aircraft batteries in Germany following heavy Allied bombings to Berlin and other cities.
January 27, 1967- Three American Astronauts died after a fired erupted in Apollo 1 during a launch simulation in Cape Kennedy, Florida.
January 28, 1963- African American student Harvey Gantt enrolled in Clemson College in South Carolina, the last state to hold out to integration.
January 29, 1916- IN WWI, the first German aerial bombing of Paris with zeppelins occurs.
January 30, 1649- Oliver Cromwell, leader of the Puritan Revolution, directed British Parliament to behead their king, King Charles I, for treason.
January 31, 1919- Jackie Robinson, the first African American to play professional baseball, was born in Cairo, Georgia.
February 1, 1328- King Charles IV, known like his father as "the fair", dies after reigning over France since 1322.
Ari, the author of this blog,
is one of the most productive members of the Lit Mag, and we are very proud of her.